The Battle of Guilford Courthouse

17Mar

On March 15,1781 Major Nathanael Greene defending the ground at Guilford Courthouse NC with a  Army of almost 4500 American militia and Continentals was tactically defeated by a smaller British army of 1900 veteran regulars commanded by Lord Cornwallis. After 2 1/2 hours of intense and brutal fighting Cornwallis forced Greene to withdrawal from the field . Greene’s retreat preserved the strength of his army , but Cornwallis’s frail victory was won at the cost of over 25% of his army being lost . Guilford Courthouse proved to be the high-water mark of British military operations in the Revolutionary war. Weakened in his campaign against Greene Cornwallis abandoned the Carolinas hoping for success in Virginia. At Yorktown 7 months later after his victory at Guilford Courthouse , lord Cornwallis would surrender to the combined American and French forces under General Washington.
With the Departure of Cornwallis forces Greene moved back into South Carolina to force the enemy’s hand at Hobkirk’s Hill, the second battle of Camden, and Eutaw Springs, pushing the British back into Charleston to ultimately end the Southern Campaign of the Revolution.